Giant Sonoran Centipede
The Giant Sonoran Centipede is one of the most common species of the Heros Scolopendra. Regarding its structure, the head of this Centipede is delicately adorned. It has two tarsal spines in its first two legs, while in the rest it only has one. Some Centipede specimens have inverted colors, such as blackheads and reddish-brown bodies.
THE Giant Sonoran Centipede lives in some part of Western Europe as well as North America, particularly in New Mexico and other southeastern states, such as Kansas and Georgia. They are very active insects in the spring and summer seasons when humidity levels are optimal. The diet of the Escolopendra Heros is reduced to crickets, rodents, birds and small reptiles.
During the procreation season, the Giant Sonoran Centipede or perhaps giant desert females lay their very own eggs in great hollow cavities of a well rotten wood. Sonoran Centipede wll watch well over their very own eggs, shielding them all from the predators as well as the fungus infestation. At birth, these centipedes have a complete set of legs, but the distinctive color patterns do not appear until adulthood.
Feeding Of The Giant Sonoran Centipede
We are facing a carnivorous animal that feeds on the reptiles, also the amphibians, as well as small mammals out there, for instance the mice as well as bats, although their favorite food is crickets, grasshoppers, and butterflies. The Scolopendra gigantea can reach more than 29 great centimeters as in the very length, although it is normal to reach between 25 and 30 cm in most cases.
At present, it is the largest species of the genus Scolopendra. Physically and if it were not for its small size this one-hundred-foot poisonous is tameable, the body of the scolopendra is composed of 21 to 23 segments/parts of dark reddish brown towards chestnut, each segment has a pair of yellow legs, adapted during the story to walk quickly in any terrain.
It is known that a giant is a young specimen when they are very dark red or black, in addition to being thinner than adult specimens, a maturity that they reach after moving several times until they reach adulthood.
Giant Sonoran Centipede Hunting
Like all animals, these Giant Sonoran Centipedes have to eat, and for this, in their natural habitat, they need to hunt, for this purpose they have tongs with venom that can cause pain, chills, fever, and weakness. Even to an adult human, in Venezuela, it is contrasted a case of human death by the poison of the giant scolopendra.
The Bite Of The Poisonous Centipede In Humans
As we discussed earlier, the venom of this centipede can cause pain, chills, fever, and weakness of a human since it contains acetylcholine, histamine and serotonin, proteases and a cardio-depressant factor.
What To Do If A Giant Sonoran Centipede Bites You?
Once the bite of the Scolopendra gigantea has taken place, the first thing to do to this centipede bite Poisons should be to wash the wound or injury with soap and water. Then we will apply an ointment with corticoid on the bite and take it by oral an antihistamine.
If we begin to notice muscle spasms, one solution is calcium gluconate, and if we see that the thing is not better the best is to warn someone and go to a health center and hospital nearest. Giant Sonoran Centipede Reproduction, in the case of the giant scolopendra, it is the female who guards and cares for the nests with the eggs.
Giant Sonoran Centipede As Pets?
You may be thinking that you want a giant Scolopendra as a pet, but before taking one to your home, you must take into account several factors. First that it is not a typical domestic animal, and even though it is not among the most dangerous animals in the world, its Poison is powerful and very toxic to humans.
So can one have Giant Sonoran Centipede as pets? Yes, it is common to see this creature as a pet among arthropod enthusiasts, people who understand the dangers of caring for this animal at home and who usually have the protective equipment to be with these animals. This is because the superficial contact with the animal Venom skin of this great centipede can cause a poisonous reaction, in short, you could say that this is not a domestic centipede.
A Place For The Giant Sonoran Centipede
A giant scolopendra terrarium should be placed in the glass, with minimum silicone edges since the centipede can scale very well. Without holes to the outside and it should have very good ventilation with a grid that does not fit the animal, can be a metal grid, and if we put a mosquito net could break it with their tongs.
For the decoration of the terrarium, nothing better than a good layer of wet peat as they like to bury in it, in addition to stones, trunks, and also note that the temperature of the terrarium should be 22-25 degrees both night and day, and there must always be a jar of water to keep the humidity of it since these creatures die very easily due to lack of moisture.
Giant Sonoran Centipede Contains Citicoline
We recommend that if you get to see one of these insects, do not try to manipulate it because the Giant Sonoran Centipede venom contains citicoline, which is a substance with the ability to divide the walls of cells and, due to its large size, the concentration of centipede venom is very high. Its bite is undoubtedly very painful and dangerous, particularly for children and people with insect allergies.
You can always find contains citicoline also in forests or meadows, places where they can find a place to hide. Because of their very simple knit nervous system, they view almost everything as their food.
Lastly, although the Giant Sonoran Centipede may be blind, they perceive shocks through their sensitive nervous system, which leads them to their sacrifice. In combat, they try to knock down and poison their opponents. Its acidic poison causes severe pain that leads to continuous loss of vitality.